In this examples, the word Reading is a gerund. The difference between a gerund and a present participle is simple: a gerund is an ‘ing’ form of a verb that functions as a noun, and a present participle is an ‘ing’ form of a verb that either functions as an action verb or an adjective. I want to study. Basis of the difference: Participle: Gerund: 1. A participle is a form of verb which works as an adjective, noun, or verbs (with the help of auxiliary verbs) in a sentence. There is not a single verb in the entire English language that breaks this rule. A gerund can be as … ; Infinitive, to + base verb. Although a gerund looks like a verb, it always has the same function as a noun. The purpose of an adjective is to describe a noun or a pronoun. Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb-ing), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. A participle is very different from a gerund. For example, Reading helps the mind. A gerund is a present participle (verb + ing) which works as a noun in a sentence. ; My hobby is painting. An infinitive has the exact job as that of a gerund, however the difference is that while a gerund is formed by using verb + "ing", infinitives are formed by using "to" + verb/verb phrase. The infinitive form is the base form of a verb with ‘to’. It may be worth remembering that a gerund always functions as a noun: What is a gerund in English? It’s tough to know the difference between gerunds and present participles in English just by looking because they both consist of the base form of the verb, plus the “-ing” suffix—always! difference between a gerund and a participle. Therefore, a participle always describes a noun or a pronoun in the same sentence. 2. It’s not easy at first to identify a gerund phrase vs participle phrase. "The compound term serves also to bring out the relationship between this form and the past participle: the gerund-participle has a considerably larger distribution than the past participle…" It is used after another verb, after an adjective or noun or as the subject or object of a sentence. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “-ing.” The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, so it is important to understand the difference between the two. Before we look at the difference between a gerund and a present participle, let’s look at their definitions and understand what a gerund and a participle in English are. She likes dancing a lot. Relation. There are two kinds of participles: present participles and past participles. ; It’s difficult to understand. While a gerund works as a noun, a participle works as an adjective. Gerund-participle is the merged term for this -ing word form. A definite type of present participle can be gerunds. Both use the present participle, which is the ing form of a verb. Other examples of 'ing' verbs that can be classified as present participle and gerund are: walking, praying, standing etc. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “-ing.” The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, so it is important to understand the difference between the two. For many writers, the use of the gerund and present participle can be a little confusing at times. Definition. In sum, a gerund is an 'ing' verb that functions as a noun whereas a present participle is an 'ing' verb that either functions as a verb or an adjective. When a verb is used as a noun, it is called a Gerund. With ‘to’ not easy at first to identify a gerund of an adjective noun. Of participles: present participles and past participles the same function as noun. Many writers, the word Reading is a gerund works as a noun, a participle always describes a,... 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